The Apu Trilogy, made up of the films Pather Panchali, Aparajito and Apur Sansar, was a collaboration of two early ambassadors of Indian culture. It was directed by Satyajit Ray and had music composed by Pandit Ravi Shankar. Both were unknown at the time, not just abroad but at home as well. Based on the novels of Bengali author Bibhutibhushan Bandopadhyay, the trilogy instantly placed Satyajit Ray and Indian cinema on the world map. Between them, the three films won three National Awards and seven awards at the Cannes, Berlin and Venice film festivals.
Did you know these facts about the films?
Pather Panchali was made on a budget so meager that Satyajit Ray sold his life insurance policy and even some beloved LPs to raise funds. He also convinced wife Bijoya to pawn her jewellery.
Funds dried up halfway through filming Pather Panchali. Satyajit Ray was bailed out by the Government of West Bengal who loaned him the money he needed, listing the loan in their records as "roads improvement," a reference to the title of the film which translates as Song Of The Road.
The crew that filmed Pather Panchali were complete rookies, beginning with Satyajit Ray who reportedly had never directed anything before.
Also new and inexperienced was cinematographer Subrata Mitra, a still photographer whose work Satyajit Ray admired. Subrata Mitra taught himself how to shoot a film on a borrowed 16mm camera.
Pather Panchali took three years to shoot. Satyajit Ray reportedly waited a whole year to maintain continuity in one scene because it featured a certain type of wildflower that bloomed at a particular time of year.
Pather Panchali reportedly never had a complete screenplay, relying instead on a collection of notes and drawings made by Satyajit Ray.
In Aparajito, the second film, much of Apu's story is drawn from Satyajit Ray's own experiences. For instance, Apu's going to Calcutta and finding lodging with a printer echoes the young Satyajit Ray living above his grandfather's printing press.
Apur Sansar, the final film, marked the debut of two actors who would become frequent collaborators of Satyajit Ray. Soumitra Chatterjee played the grown up Apu and became Satyajit Ray's favourite actor, appearing in almost every film Mr Ray directed. Sharmila Tagore, just 14 at the time, played Apu's bride Aparna and was later cast by Mr Ray in Devi and Nayak, among other films.